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News posted on the NSF website, https://www.nsf.gov.
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Diving robots find Antarctic seas exhale surprising amounts of carbon dioxide in winter

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 12:00

The open water nearest the sea ice surrounding Antarctica releases significantly more carbon dioxide in winter than previously believed, a new study has found. Researchers conducting the study used data gathered over several winters by an array of robotic floats diving and drifting in the Southern Ocean around the southernmost continent.

The effort is part of the Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296316&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF international MULTIPLIER program completes first expedition

Thu, 08/09/2018 - 11:00

Furthering the National Science Foundation's (NSF) strategic engagement to explore and advance opportunities for leveraging international resources, NSF has completed its first MULTIPLIER (MULTIPlying Impact Leveraging International Expertise in Research Missions) short-term expedition for scientific opportunities.

Created in Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 as a response to rapid changes in global innovation, MULTIPLIER is a new program that deploys NSF experts to selected international areas ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296220&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF announces first research awards under Hispanic-Serving Institutions Program

Wed, 08/08/2018 - 14:04

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Improving Undergraduate STEM Education: Hispanic-Serving Institutions Program (HSI Program) today issued its first research awards for 31 projects totaling approximately $45 million.

Hispanics constitute 16 percent of the U.S. workforce, but they make up only 6 percent of the U.S. science, technology, engineering and mathematics ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296207&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF awards forge partnerships between minority-serving institutions and leading research facilities

Tue, 08/07/2018 - 10:00

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded new Partnerships for Research and Education in Materials (PREM) grants to support eight collaborations across the United States aimed at fostering cutting-edge materials research while increasing diversity.

Each award is expected to total nearly $4 million and will support a materials research partnership between a minority-serving institution (MSI) and a large-scale ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296214&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF launches effort to create first practical quantum computer

Tue, 08/07/2018 - 10:00

From codebreaking to aircraft design, complex problems in a wide range of fields exist that even today's best computers cannot solve.

To accelerate the development of a practical quantum computer that will one day answer currently unsolvable research questions, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $15 million over five years to the ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296227&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Statement on the awarding of the 2018 Fields Medal

Wed, 08/01/2018 - 17:43

On Aug. 1, the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) announced the recipients of its Fields Medal, one of the most prestigious prizes in mathematics, along with the similarly prestigious Nevanlinna Prize and the Gauss ...
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Statement on the nomination of Kelvin Droegemeier as director of the White House OSTP

Wed, 08/01/2018 - 11:20

National Science Foundation (NSF) Director France Córdova issued the following statement:

I am thrilled at the nomination of Kelvin Droegemeier as director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Through his deep and years-long connection to the National Science Foundation, we know him to be a thoughtful advocate for all aspects of science.

Starting in 1989, Dr. Droegemeier served five years as deputy director of the Center for Analysis and ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296168&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF awards $6.4 million grant to Sevilleta Long-Term Ecological Research drylands site

Mon, 07/30/2018 - 06:00

To discover how environmental change is affecting dryland ecosystems, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded a five-year, $6.4 million grant in new support of the Sevilleta Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site in central New Mexico.

The location is one of 28 NSF LTER sites in ecosystems from deserts to salt marshes, coral reefs to forests.

A main goal of the Sevilleta LTER site is understanding how and why dryland ecosystems change over time. Sevilleta ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296088&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Face Blindness study sheds light on typical brain function

Mon, 07/30/2018 - 00:00

Behavioral and brain imaging data reveal new details about how facial recognition works in the brain
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/recognizingfaces.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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Statement: July 20 NSF headquarters evacuation

Fri, 07/20/2018 - 11:18

On July 20, a suspicious package incident resulted in the evacuation of National Science Foundation (NSF) headquarters in Alexandria, Virginia. At 10:37 a.m., federal and local emergency responders cleared the incident and NSF headquarters resumed business as normal.

NSF extends its thanks to the Alexandria Police Department, the Alexandria Fire Department and the Federal Protective Service for their quick and efficient response, and for ensuring the safety of the agency’s ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296094&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Scientists use satellites to measure vital underground water resources

Thu, 07/19/2018 - 11:00

The availability of water from underground aquifers is vital to the basic needs of more than 1.5 billion people worldwide.

In recent decades, however, the over-pumping of groundwater, combined with drought, has caused some aquifers to permanently lose their essential storage capacity.

With the hope of providing better tools to water resource managers to keep aquifers healthy, scientists funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and affiliated with Arizona State ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=295988&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Scientists fly above wildfires this summer to clarify chemistry of smoke

Thu, 07/19/2018 - 10:00

On August 11, 2018, the WE-CAN team will host a research aircraft media event at the Boise Airport, featuring two aircraft: the NSF/NCAR C-130 and the University of Wyoming King Air.

This summer, a four-engine cargo plane laden with scientists and sophisticated equipment will make flights straight into hazy smoke from Western wildfires.

The flights will be the largest, most ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=295892&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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New NSF awards support the creation of bio-based semiconductors

Tue, 07/17/2018 - 10:55

To address a worldwide need for data storage that far outstrips today's capabilities, federal agencies and a technology research consortium are investing $12 million in new research through the Semiconductor Synthetic Biology for Information Processing and Storage Technologies (SemiSynBio) program. The goal is to create storage systems that integrate synthetic biology with semiconductor technology.

SemiSynBio, a partnership between the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=295968&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF-supported researchers to present new results on hurricanes and other extreme events

Tue, 07/17/2018 - 06:00

In the past year, extreme events -- including hurricanes, droughts and wildfires -- have plagued the U.S., affecting natural habitats and human communities.

The theme of the 2018 Ecological Society of America (ESA) meeting reflects the importance of these natural disasters. Conference participants will present the latest research findings on "extreme events, resilience and human well-being."

The meeting takes place ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=295997&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Rock arches are singing and scientists are listening

Mon, 07/16/2018 - 00:00

Geologists tune into the vibrations of natural arches to help assess structural integrity and possible collapse
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/rockarches.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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Neutrino observation points to one source of high-energy cosmic rays

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 11:00

Observations made by researchers using a National Science Foundation (NSF) detector at the South Pole and verified by ground- and space-based telescopes have produced the first evidence of one source of high-energy cosmic neutrinos. These ghostly subatomic particles can travel unhindered for billions of light-years, journeying to Earth from some of the most extreme environments in the universe.

Data gathered by NSF's IceCube Neutrino Observatory at the foundation's Amundsen-Scott ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=295955&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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STEM Education Advisory Panel announced

Thu, 07/12/2018 - 10:17

The National Science Foundation (NSF), in consultation with the Department of Education, NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) today announced the appointment of 18 members to a new advisory panel created to encourage U.S. scientific and technological innovations in education, as authorized by the American Innovation and Competitiveness Act.

Gabriela Gonzalez, deputy director of the Intel Foundation, Intel Corporation, will chair the new STEM Education ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=295999&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF selects Arthur Lupia to head Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences Directorate

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 16:26

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has selected Dr. Arthur Lupia to serve as head of the Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences (SBE), which supports fundamental research in behavioral, cognitive, social and economic sciences.

Lupia has more than 25 years of leadership and management experience in the social sciences community. Since 2006, he has served as the Hal R. Varian Collegiate Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan. He serves ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=295995&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Scientists study connection between Great Plains precipitation and agricultural irrigation

Wed, 07/11/2018 - 06:00

Can crop irrigation affect the clouds that form high above farm fields? Indeed it can, say atmospheric scientists.

Agricultural irrigation to meet a growing demand for food is adding significant amounts of water to the land surface and altering regional land use and land cover. These changes affect lower atmosphere circulation, potentially influencing cloud development and precipitation.

To further understand how irrigation may be affecting precipitation, scientists from ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=295867&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF press conference on breakthrough in multimessenger astrophysics

Mon, 07/09/2018 - 15:10

Media are invited to attend a U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) press conference announcing recent multi-messenger astrophysics findings led by NSF's IceCube Neutrino Observatory.

Representatives from nearly two dozen observatories on Earth and in space that participated in the research will be in the room during the event and will be available to the media after the press conference concludes. Reporters watching the event remotely can send questions to ...
More at
https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=295980&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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