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News posted on the NSF website, https://www.nsf.gov.
Updated: 1 hour 11 min ago

Billions of gallons of water saved by thinning forests

Mon, 04/23/2018 - 16:56

Find related stories on NSF's Critical Zone Observatories webpage.

There are too many trees in Sierra Nevada forests, say scientists affiliated with the National Science Foundation (NSF) Southern Sierra Critical Zone Observatory (CZO).

That may come as a surprise to those who see dense, verdant forests as signs of a healthy environment. After all, green is good, right? Not ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=245128&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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How does the brain learn categorization for sounds? The same way it does for images

Wed, 04/18/2018 - 12:05

Categorization, or the recognition that individual objects share similarities and can be grouped together, is fundamental to how we make sense of the world. Previous research has revealed how the brain categorizes images. Now, researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) have discovered that the brain categorizes sounds in much the same way.

The results are published today in the journal Neuron.

"Categorization involves applying a single label to a ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=245142&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Developmental psychologist receives 2018 Alan T. Waterman Award

Thu, 04/12/2018 - 14:17

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has bestowed the 2018 Alan T. Waterman Award, the nation's highest honor for early career scientists and engineers, on University of Washington (UW) social and developmental psychologist Kristina R. Olson.

The Waterman Award Committee, an external panel of distinguished scientists and engineers chaired by Gary May, Chancellor of the University of California, Davis, and which includes the leadership of the National Academies of Science and ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=245107&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Mississippi River diversions will produce new land, but more slowly than shoreline is lost

Wed, 04/11/2018 - 14:00

The best solution to sustaining portions of the Mississippi Delta may be river diversions that bring sediment to shrinking coastlines. However, a new study concludes that the rate of land-building will likely be dwarfed by the rate of wetland loss.

"Scientists studied how fast the Mississippi River Delta grew each year before people inhabited the area and began changing the environment," said Justin Lawrence, a program director in the National Science Foundation's Division of Earth ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244724&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Powering advances in wireless connectivity for the future

Tue, 04/10/2018 - 13:52

The National Science Foundation (NSF) announces an important milestone in its Platforms for Advanced Wireless Research (PAWR) effort. In collaboration with an industry consortium of 28 networking companies and associations, NSF is supporting the development and deployment of the first two PAWR research platforms, based in Salt Lake City and New York City. These ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=245045&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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2018 Community College Innovation Challenge finalists announced

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 11:00

The National Science Foundation (NSF), in partnership with the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC), has named 10 finalists for the fourth annual Community College Innovation Challenge (CCIC).

CCIC seeks to strengthen entrepreneurial thinking among community college students by challenging them to use science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) to find innovative solutions to real-world problems. Each student team works with a faculty mentor and industry ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=245059&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Soft "vine robots" grow into solutions

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 00:00

Engineers design vine-like, inflatable, plastic bots that can change shape to solve problems
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/vinerobot.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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NSF announces 2018 winners for Generation Nano: Superheroes Inspired by Science

Fri, 04/06/2018 - 11:35

A solar-powered, fast-charging, high-flying hero named Heliora! A sweet nanoparticle solution that defeats the sugar-blasting nemesis Glycosa! A peppy polymer that transforms into a cell-size, chain-welding hero to battle an antibiotic resistant superbug!

The National Science Foundation (NSF), in partnership with the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), recognized these new science-powered superheroes and more by naming them as the first- and second-place winners and honorable ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244994&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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New source of global nitrogen discovered: Earth’s bedrock

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 14:00

For centuries, the thinking has been that all the nitrogen available for plant growth worldwide comes from the atmosphere. But a new study by National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded researchers at the University of California (UC), Davis, shows that more than a quarter of that nitrogen is derived from the weathering of Earth's bedrock.

The results, published this week in the journal Science, demonstrate that up to 26 percent of the nitrogen in ecosystems is sourced from ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244968&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Generation Nano Challenge

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 10:08

NSF and NNI aim to promote an understanding and appreciation of nanotechnology and STEM careers in middle and high school students by inviting them to design an original superhero with nanotechnology-enabled gear.
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/gennano/?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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Number of doctorates awarded by US institutions in 2016 close to all-time high

Wed, 04/04/2018 - 12:15

U.S. institutions awarded 54,904 research doctorate degrees in 2016, only five fewer than the previous year's record high, according to the Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED), a federally sponsored annual census of research degree recipients.

SED provides data for Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities, a report published by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) within the National Science ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244922&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF announces Graduate Research Fellowships for 2018

Wed, 04/04/2018 - 10:41

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP) has announced the offer of 2,000 fellowship awards, following a national competition.

The program recruits high-potential, early-career scientists and engineers and supports their graduate research training in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields.

Launched in 1952 shortly after Congress established NSF, GRFP represents the nation's oldest continuous investment in the ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=245024&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Experience hands-on science and meet NSF-supported researchers at USA Science and Engineering Festival

Mon, 04/02/2018 - 11:13

Experience hands-on science and meet NSF-supported researchers at USA Science and Engineering Festival

Expo event open to media April 6 on 'Sneak Peek Friday'

Meet scientists from a Nobel Prize-winning astronomy project, view biology specimens and erupting volcanoes through virtual reality, build a pocket microscope, meet creative young science illustrators and much more at the National Science Foundation (NSF) pavilion at the ...
More at
https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=245015&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF ‘supermagnet’ laboratory receives $184 million renewal

Mon, 04/02/2018 - 10:00

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has renewed support for the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (MagLab) with $184 million over the next five years, a funding increase of more than 9 percent over the last funding period.

Guided by NSF's merit review process, the decision followed approval from the National Science Board in August 2017, and brings the agency's total MagLab investment to $867 million.

The NSF-supported National MagLab meets the needs of scientists by ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=245040&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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New study finds world’s largest desert, the Sahara, has grown by 10 percent since 1920

Thu, 03/29/2018 - 14:00

The Sahara Desert has expanded by about 10 percent since 1920, according to a new study by National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded scientists at the University of Maryland (UMD).

The research is the first to assess century-scale changes to the boundaries of the world's largest desert. It suggests that other deserts could be expanding as well. The study is published today in the Journal of Climate.

"The trends in Africa of hot summers getting hotter and rainy seasons ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244804&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF offers opportunity for media to deploy to Greenland

Thu, 03/29/2018 - 10:00

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is accepting proposals from media professionals to visit research sites in Greenland and Alaska to report on science supported by NSF's Office of Polar Programs (OPP).

NOTES:

Data-driven optimization to improve mobile healthcare in disadvantaged communities

Mon, 03/26/2018 - 00:00

Advancing spatial science and predictive analytics to help mobile clinics reach those who need them most
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/mobilehealthclinics.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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Smart cities and communities conference features NSF-funded researchers working with local community partners

Fri, 03/23/2018 - 15:42

On March 27 and 28, research funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) about the smart cities and communities of the future will be on display at the sixth annual US Ignite Application Summit. NSF sponsors and funds the event which, for the third year in a row, is co-located with the Smart Cities Connect ...
More at
https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244863&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Soot transported from elsewhere in world contributes little to melting of some Antarctic glaciers

Fri, 03/16/2018 - 09:00

Airborne soot produced by wildfires and fossil-fuel combustion and transported to the remote McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica contains levels of black carbon too low to contribute significantly to the melting of local glaciers, according to a new study by researchers supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Strong winds in the Dry Valleys, however, can temporarily cause large spikes in the amount of locally produced black carbon, which is distributed through the ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244808&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Engineering earthquake resilience in downtown skyscrapers

Mon, 03/12/2018 - 00:00

Building sensors feed new community models to maximize function, minimize disruption after an earthquake
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/resilienttallbuildings.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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