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News posted on the NSF website, https://www.nsf.gov.
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Astronomers detect ancient signal from first stars in universe

Thu, 03/08/2018 - 15:16

For additional information on this breakthrough, NSF has produced the video
"The birth of the first stars."

For the first time, astronomers have detected a signal from stars emerging in the early universe. Using a radio antenna not much larger than a refrigerator, the researchers discovered that ancient suns were active within 180 million years of the Big Bang.

The astronomers, from ...
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NSF support helps advance research in geography and spatial science

Thu, 03/08/2018 - 14:17

The National Science Foundation (NSF) awarded more than $10.2 million in 2017 through its Geography and Spatial Sciences (GSS) program to fund 64 new projects that will advance knowledge about geographic patterns and processes, as well as the complex dynamics of interactions among human, physical and biotic systems on Earth.

"Geography plays an important role in how people interact with each other, their cultures and their environments," said Fay Lomax Cook, NSF assistant director ...
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Deep-sea observatories to offer new view of seabed earthquakes

Thu, 03/08/2018 - 13:30

A mission to study New Zealand's largest fault by lowering two sub-seafloor observatories into the Hikurangi subduction zone is underway this week.

The expedition is led by scientists from The Pennsylvania State University (PennState) and GNS Science in New Zealand, and funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP).

"This expedition will yield ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244653&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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"Understanding Our Ocean Connections": NSF symposium highlights links among people and marine ecosystems

Wed, 03/07/2018 - 14:50

On April 19, scientists from the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network will take part in the symposium "Understanding Our Ocean Connections."

The researchers will present findings on the connections among humans and ocean ecosystems such as coral reefs, kelp forests, mangrove forests, salt marshes, sea ice and the continental shelf.

Questions that will be answered at the symposium include: Does the future of coral reefs depend on the ...
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NSF revamps proposal guidance for education research

Tue, 03/06/2018 - 14:00

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Directorate for Education and Human Resources (EHR) has implemented new guidance for the scientists it supports, providing detailed directions on how to make their research results easier to replicate.

The new data management plan guidance, which took effect earlier this year, requires researchers seeking EHR funding to describe in their proposals how they plan to generate data ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244667&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF Fiscal Year 2019 budget to advance innovation, infrastructure

Wed, 02/28/2018 - 14:30

The National Science Foundation (NSF) released more detailed information regarding President Donald J. Trump's Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 NSF budget request to Congress.

The FY2019 budget request would represent a $7.47 billion investment in strengthening the nation's economy, security and global leadership through research in cutting-edge science and engineering. At this proposed level of funding, steady with FY2017 ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244676&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF invests $30 million to pursue transformative advances at frontiers of computing and information science

Tue, 02/27/2018 - 13:49

The National Science Foundation (NSF) announces three new Expeditions in Computing awards, each providing $10 million in funding over five years to multi-investigator research teams pursuing large-scale, far-reaching and potentially transformative research in computer and information science and engineering. This year's awards aim to enable game-changing advances in real-time decision making, quantum computing and non-invasive biomedical imaging.

"The Expeditions projects being ...
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Hidden “rock moisture” possible key to forest response to drought

Mon, 02/26/2018 - 16:00

Find related stories on NSF's Critical Zone Observatories webpage.

A little-studied, underground layer of rock may provide a vital reservoir for trees, especially in times of drought, report scientists funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and affiliated with The University of Texas (UT) at Austin and the University of California, Berkeley.

The study, published today ...
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Water rescue robot EMILY gets some help from the sky

Mon, 02/26/2018 - 01:00

Drones, thermal imaging and AI upgrades to improve EMILY for larger scale rescues
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/waterrescuerobots.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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Statement on Award of Cooperative Agreement for Management and Operations of Arecibo Observatory

Thu, 02/22/2018 - 18:09

Richard Green, director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) Division of Astronomical Sciences, and Paul Shepson, director of the NSF Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences, issued the following statement.

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is pleased to announce that beginning Feb. 22, the University of Central Florida (UCF) will start formal transition activities to take on the operations and management of NSF's Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico. NSF is ...
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NSF announces changes to overseas offices

Wed, 02/21/2018 - 18:49

Rebecca Keiser, head of the Office of International Science & Engineering (OISE) at the National Science Foundation (NSF) issued the following statement.

The National Science Foundation is committed to international cooperation in science, engineering and education research. We value our international partnerships around the globe and recognize that the most challenging science requires international cooperation.

NSF is changing to a new ...
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New, forward-looking report outlines research path to sustainable urban systems

Mon, 02/12/2018 - 14:06

Find related stories on NSF's Environmental Research and Education (ERE) programs at this link.

In 1950, fewer than one-third of the world's people lived in cities. Today more than half do. By 2050, urban areas will be home to some two-thirds of Earth's human population.

"This scale and pace of urbanization has never been seen in human history," states a new report, ...
More at
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National Science Foundation presents FY 2019 budget request

Mon, 02/12/2018 - 13:13

Today, President Donald J. Trump's Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 budget request for the National Science Foundation (NSF) was presented to Congress. More information on the FY 2019 budget request is available beginning today from the White House Office of Management and Budget.* NSF Director France ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244509&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Spinach to hearts: Leafy vegetable inspires new way to generate heart tissue

Mon, 02/12/2018 - 01:00

NSF graduate student training promotes innovator’s mindset to solve critical issues in medicine
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/spinachtohearts.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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Leading cloud providers join with NSF to support data science frontiers

Wed, 02/07/2018 - 16:41

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is providing nearly $30 million in new funding for research in data science and engineering through its Critical Techniques, Technologies and Methodologies for Advancing Foundations and Applications of Big Data Sciences and Engineering (BIGDATA) program.

NSF's awards are paired with support from Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud Platform (GCP), and Microsoft Azure, which have each committed up to $3 million in cloud resources for relevant ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244450&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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State of US science enterprise report shows US leads in S&E as China rapidly advances

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 11:32

According to the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Science and Engineering Indicators2018 report released today, the United States is the global leader in science and technology (S&T). However, the U.S. global share of S&T activities is declining as other nations -- especially China -- continue to rise.

The National Science Board (NSB) is the ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244271&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Scientists present new long-term ecological research results at annual ocean sciences conference

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 07:00

Are the U.S. East Coast's salt marshes healthy? How do sea ice patterns affect penguin populations in Antarctica? What diet do blue whales off California specialize in? Is every El Niño the same?

As the oceans continue to change in unprecedented ways, the annual Ocean Sciences Meeting (OSM) has become an important venue for exchanging new insights into these and other questions about marine ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244387&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Study shows wetlands provide landscape-scale reduction in nitrogen pollution

Mon, 01/29/2018 - 12:00

Find related stories on NSF's Environmental Research and Education (ERE) programs at this link.

In agricultural regions such as the U.S. Midwest, excess nitrate from crop fertilizer makes its way into rivers and streams through subsurface drainage channels and agricultural ditches.

High nitrate concentrations in waterways can be harmful to ecosystems and human health, ...
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Cloud seeding for snow: Does it work? Scientists report first quantifiable observations

Tue, 01/23/2018 - 10:04

For the first time, scientists have obtained direct, quantifiable observations of cloud seeding for increased snowfall -- from the growth of ice crystals, through the processes that occur in clouds, to the eventual snowfall.

The National Science Foundation (NSF)-supported project, dubbed SNOWIE (Seeded and Natural Orographic Wintertime Clouds -- the Idaho Experiment), took place from Jan. 7 to March 17, 2017, in and near Idaho's Payette Basin, located approximately 50 miles north of ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244215&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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CyberCorps: Scholarship for Service recognizes first hall of fame recipients

Thu, 01/11/2018 - 17:42

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) CyberCorps: Scholarship for Service (SFS) program today announced its inaugural class of SFS Hall of Fame recipients, recognized for making outstanding contributions to cybersecurity.

The SFS Hall of Fame received nominations from more than 60 universities. The three members of the first class are Josiah Dykstra, Mischel Kwon and Steven Hernandez. NSF made the announcement ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=244192&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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