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News posted on the NSF website, https://www.nsf.gov.
Updated: 12 min 47 sec ago

Future impacts of El Niño, La Niña likely to intensify, increasing wildfire, drought risk

Fri, 08/31/2018 - 09:30

When an El Niño or its opposite, La Niña, forms in the future, it's likely to cause more intense impacts over many land regions -- amplifying changes to temperature, precipitation and wildfire risk.

These are the findings of a new study funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Department of Energy and published in Geophysical Research Letters, a journal of the American Geophysical Union.

The researchers found, for example, that the ...
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NSF awards $10 million for development, dissemination of genomic tools in diverse species

Thu, 08/30/2018 - 17:18

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Enabling Discovery through Genomic Tools (EDGE) program has made 11 new awards, totaling approximately $10 million, to develop genomic tools that will allow biologists to identify mechanisms that determine how genes affect an organism's physical and functional characteristics.

The EDGE program helps the research community overcome the impediments that restrict progress in the biology of ...
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Got an idea for science and engineering research? Send it to the NSF 2026 Idea Machine

Thu, 08/30/2018 - 15:18

If you've ever had an idea about how the National Science Foundation (NSF) could transform fundamental research, a huge window of opportunity is about to open. From Aug. 31, 2018 through Oct. 26, 2018, the foundation will open the entry window for its first-ever NSF 2026 Idea Machine, a competition that gives entrants a chance to help inform the agenda for basic research, through the Nation's 250th anniversary in 2026 and beyond.

NSF is looking for fresh ideas -- large in ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296483&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF funds new projects to ‘connect dots’ (and data) to address longstanding, multi-scaled environmental problems

Wed, 08/29/2018 - 16:14

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is investing $9 million in nine new projects to research biosphere processes and their complex interactions with climate, land use and invasive species at regional to continental scales. The awards are funded through NSF's MacroSystems Biology and Early NEON (National Ecological Observatory Network) Science program.

"These projects leverage NSF investments in biological infrastructure to study how organisms and ecosystems respond to environmental ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296453&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF awards $60 million for next-generation supercomputer

Wed, 08/29/2018 - 09:00

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made a $60 million award to fund the largest and most powerful supercomputer the agency has ever supported to serve the nation's science and engineering (S&E) research community. The new high-performance computing (HPC) system, to be called Frontera, will be located at the University of Texas at Austin's (UT Austin) ...
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NSF invests in research to help disrupt operations of illicit supply networks

Tue, 08/28/2018 - 10:00

Networks that illegally traffic in everything from people and opioids to human organs and nuclear material pose threats to U.S. health, prosperity and security. Nine new awards from the National Science Foundation (NSF) will advance the scientific understanding of how such illicit supply networks function -- and how to dismantle them.

The new awards support research that combines engineering with computer, physical and social sciences to address a danger that poses significant ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296258&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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In drought and heavy rains, ecosystems function like information communication networks

Mon, 08/27/2018 - 15:00

Find related stories on NSF's Critical Zone Observatories.

How is a telecommunications network like an ecosystem?

Tree canopies and the running streams below, or coral reefs and the ocean waters that flow around them, are interconnected components of a larger whole: an ecosystem. These ecosystem parts are in communication with one another, scientists have learned, via signals ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296321&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Federal R&D obligations increased 3 percent between fiscal years 2016 and 2017

Thu, 08/23/2018 - 09:00

Federal obligations for research and development (R&D) totaled an estimated $118.3 billion in Fiscal Year (FY) 2017, an increase of 2.8 percent from total federal R&D obligations in FY2016.

Total obligations for research declined 0.3 percent to $66.5 billion in FY2017. Data are from the most recent Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development, sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics within the National Science Foundation (NSF). Data for ...
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Federal S&E obligations to academic institutions increased by 3.5 percent

Wed, 08/22/2018 - 11:57

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2016, federal agencies obligated $31.6 billion to institutions of higher education in support of science and engineering (S&E), an increase of $1.1 billion from FY2015.

The most up-to-date federal S&E obligation levels come from the FY2016 Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions (Federal S&E Support Survey), conducted by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296256&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF selects Karen Marrongelle to head its Education and Human Resources Directorate

Tue, 08/21/2018 - 10:50

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has selected Dr. Karen Marrongelle to serve as head of the Directorate for Education and Human Resources (EHR). EHR supports fundamental research that enhances learning and teaching, and broad efforts to achieve excellence in U.S. science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education, at all levels and in all settings.

Marrongelle's career as a leader in the research community has been ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296393&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Diving robots find Antarctic seas exhale surprising amounts of carbon dioxide in winter

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 12:00

The open water nearest the sea ice surrounding Antarctica releases significantly more carbon dioxide in winter than previously believed, a new study has found. Researchers conducting the study used data gathered over several winters by an array of robotic floats diving and drifting in the Southern Ocean around the southernmost continent.

The effort is part of the Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296316&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF international MULTIPLIER program completes first expedition

Thu, 08/09/2018 - 11:00

Furthering the National Science Foundation's (NSF) strategic engagement to explore and advance opportunities for leveraging international resources, NSF has completed its first MULTIPLIER (MULTIPlying Impact Leveraging International Expertise in Research Missions) short-term expedition for scientific opportunities.

Created in Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 as a response to rapid changes in global innovation, MULTIPLIER is a new program that deploys NSF experts to selected international areas ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296220&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF announces first research awards under Hispanic-Serving Institutions Program

Wed, 08/08/2018 - 14:04

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Improving Undergraduate STEM Education: Hispanic-Serving Institutions Program (HSI Program) today issued its first research awards for 31 projects totaling approximately $45 million.

Hispanics constitute 16 percent of the U.S. workforce, but they make up only 6 percent of the U.S. science, technology, engineering and mathematics ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296207&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF awards forge partnerships between minority-serving institutions and leading research facilities

Tue, 08/07/2018 - 10:00

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded new Partnerships for Research and Education in Materials (PREM) grants to support eight collaborations across the United States aimed at fostering cutting-edge materials research while increasing diversity.

Each award is expected to total nearly $4 million and will support a materials research partnership between a minority-serving institution (MSI) and a large-scale ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296214&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF launches effort to create first practical quantum computer

Tue, 08/07/2018 - 10:00

From codebreaking to aircraft design, complex problems in a wide range of fields exist that even today's best computers cannot solve.

To accelerate the development of a practical quantum computer that will one day answer currently unsolvable research questions, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $15 million over five years to the ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296227&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Statement on the awarding of the 2018 Fields Medal

Wed, 08/01/2018 - 17:43

On Aug. 1, the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) announced the recipients of its Fields Medal, one of the most prestigious prizes in mathematics, along with the similarly prestigious Nevanlinna Prize and the Gauss ...
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Statement on the nomination of Kelvin Droegemeier as director of the White House OSTP

Wed, 08/01/2018 - 11:20

National Science Foundation (NSF) Director France Córdova issued the following statement:

I am thrilled at the nomination of Kelvin Droegemeier as director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Through his deep and years-long connection to the National Science Foundation, we know him to be a thoughtful advocate for all aspects of science.

Starting in 1989, Dr. Droegemeier served five years as deputy director of the Center for Analysis and ...
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NSF awards $6.4 million grant to Sevilleta Long-Term Ecological Research drylands site

Mon, 07/30/2018 - 06:00

To discover how environmental change is affecting dryland ecosystems, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded a five-year, $6.4 million grant in new support of the Sevilleta Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site in central New Mexico.

The location is one of 28 NSF LTER sites in ecosystems from deserts to salt marshes, coral reefs to forests.

A main goal of the Sevilleta LTER site is understanding how and why dryland ecosystems change over time. Sevilleta ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296088&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Face Blindness study sheds light on typical brain function

Mon, 07/30/2018 - 00:00

Behavioral and brain imaging data reveal new details about how facial recognition works in the brain
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/recognizingfaces.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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Statement: July 20 NSF headquarters evacuation

Fri, 07/20/2018 - 11:18

On July 20, a suspicious package incident resulted in the evacuation of National Science Foundation (NSF) headquarters in Alexandria, Virginia. At 10:37 a.m., federal and local emergency responders cleared the incident and NSF headquarters resumed business as normal.

NSF extends its thanks to the Alexandria Police Department, the Alexandria Fire Department and the Federal Protective Service for their quick and efficient response, and for ensuring the safety of the agency’s ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=296094&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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