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News posted on the NSF website, https://www.nsf.gov.
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10 new awards support ecological research at regional to continental scales

Thu, 08/10/2017 - 12:00

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has issued 10 new awards, worth a total of $12.2 million, through its MacroSystems Biology and Early NEON (National Ecological Observatory Network) Science program. These awards will support research to help better detect, understand and predict the effects of phenology, climate and land-use changes on living systems, and also predict the feedbacks to the environment that cross local and continental scales.

"The scientific community has seen a ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242764&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Laser mapping project shows effects of physical changes in Antarctica's Dry Valleys

Tue, 08/08/2017 - 11:43

Researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) have publicly released high-resolution maps of Antarctica's McMurdo Dry Valleys, a globally unique polar desert.

The high-resolution maps cover 3,564 square kilometers of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and allow researchers to compare present-day conditions with lower-resolution LIDAR surveys conducted almost 13 years ago.

Scientists from Portland State University led the new research project, which mapped the area using ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242558&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Extreme melt season leads to decade-long ecosystem changes in Antarctica's Dry Valleys

Tue, 08/08/2017 - 11:30

An abnormal season of intense glacial melt in 2002 triggered multiple distinct changes in the physical and biological characteristics of Antarctica's McMurdo Dry Valleys over the ensuing decade, new research funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) shows.

The findings suggest that abrupt, short-lived climate events can cause long-term alterations in polar regions that unfold over the span of several years and subsequently change the overall trajectory of an ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242559&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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What's killing trees during droughts? Scientists have new answers.

Mon, 08/07/2017 - 11:00

Find related stories on NSF's Macrosystems Biology program and Critical Zone Observatory Sites.

As the number of droughts increases globally, scientists are working to develop predictions of how future parched conditions will affect plants, especially trees.

New results published today in ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242634&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Rare audio of indigenous languages saved by invention 100 years later

Mon, 08/07/2017 - 00:00

Non-invasive technology allows researchers to transfer recordings from thousands of decaying wax cylinders
Full story at https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/waxcylinders.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51


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Methane-eating bacteria in lake deep beneath Antarctic ice sheet may reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Fri, 08/04/2017 - 13:20

An interdisciplinary team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) has concluded that bacteria in a lake 800 meters (2,600 feet) beneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet may digest methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, preventing its release into the atmosphere.

As part of the NSF-funded Whillans Ice Stream Subglacial Access Research Drilling (WISSARD) project, the researchers successfully ...
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Primary mirror delivered to Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope

Thu, 08/03/2017 - 17:31

The primary mirror for the National Science Foundation (NSF) Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope (DKIST) -- the heart of this sophisticated instrument -- was successfully delivered Aug. 2 to its destination atop Haleakalā on Maui, Hawaii.

When completed in 2020, DKIST will be the world's largest solar telescope, providing scientists with new insights into the physics of the sun and a better understanding of how space weather affects satellites, the power grid, and other ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242744&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF Research Traineeship program makes 17 new awards

Wed, 08/02/2017 - 09:49

A National Science Foundation (NSF) program recently awarded 17 projects a total of $51 million to develop and implement bold, new, potentially transformative models for graduate education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields.

The NSF Research Traineeship (NRT) program awarded projects in high-priority, interdisciplinary research areas, including six projects in NSF's Innovations at the Nexus of Food, Energy and Water Systems (INFEWS) research initiative ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242612&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF EPSCoR awards new projects to help understand connections between genes and organisms' characteristics

Wed, 08/02/2017 - 08:45

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made eight awards totaling $41.7 million for projects aimed at building capacity to research a national priority area: understanding the relationship in organisms between genetic material, or genotype, and physical characteristics due to gene expression and environmental influences, or phenotype.

The genotype-to-phenotype relationship has significant societal ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242233&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF issues awards to advance a national research infrastructure for neuroscience

Tue, 08/01/2017 - 16:53

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made 17 Next Generation Networks for Neuroscience (NeuroNex) awards to aid the research community as it pursues one of its grandest challenges: understanding the brain.

These projects will support the development of innovative, accessible and shared capabilities and resources, as well as theoretical frameworks and computational modeling to advance neuroscience research.

NSF's NeuroNex awards will bring together researchers across ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242652&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Solar eclipse science along the path of totality: Eclipse on August 21 offers unique research opportunities

Fri, 07/28/2017 - 16:54

See a video of the press conference at this link.

In a briefing today on solar eclipse science, leading U.S. scientists highlighted research projects that will take place across the country ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242561&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Projected precipitation increases are bad news for water quality

Fri, 07/28/2017 - 16:44

Increased precipitation from a changing climate could pollute U.S. waterways with excess nitrogen, increasing the likelihood of severe water quality impairment from coast to coast, according to a new study by scientists Eva Sinha and Anna Michalak of the Carnegie Institution for Science and Venkatramani Balaji of Princeton University.

The results are published in this week's issue of the journal Science.

The effects will be especially strong in the Midwest and ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242494&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF-funded supercomputer Stampede2 forges new frontier in advanced computing

Fri, 07/28/2017 - 11:07

The National Science Foundation (NSF) today realized the initial phase of its $30 million investment to upgrade the nation’s computational research infrastructure through the dedication of Stampede2, one of the most powerful supercomputing systems in the world. Based at the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) at The University of Texas at Austin, this strategic national resource will ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242528&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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New NSF, USDA awards focus on relationships that benefit, harm plants

Wed, 07/19/2017 - 17:03

The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) have issued 27 research project awards, totaling more than $18 million, to support research into the relationships between plants, microbes and other organisms in their environment. These awards were made through the Plant Biotic Interactions (PBI) program jointly administered by the NSF Division of Integrative Organismal Systems (IOS) and NIFA.

"The ...
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New report concludes social, behavioral and economic sciences help advance national health, prosperity and defense

Tue, 07/18/2017 - 16:25

At the request of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has produced a report, "The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities." The report concludes that social, behavioral and economic sciences (SBE) further NSF's mission to advance U.S. ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242565&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Scientists embark on expedition to submerged continent Zealandia

Tue, 07/18/2017 - 10:00

Note: Video from IODP Expedition 371 will be available post-expedition.

Surrounding New Zealand is a mass of Earth's crust about half the size of Australia, the continent Zealandia. What makes Zealandia different from other continents is that more than 90 percent of it is submerged.

Increasingly detailed seafloor maps have attracted attention to ...
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Researchers make improbable discovery of deep-sea coral reefs in "hostile" Pacific Ocean depths

Fri, 07/14/2017 - 05:00

Scientists had long believed that the waters of the Central and Northeast Pacific Ocean were inhospitable to certain species of deep-sea corals, but a marine biologist's discovery of an odd chain of reefs suggests there are mysteries about the development and durability of coral colonies yet to be uncovered.

Scientist Amy Baco-Taylor of Florida State University (FSU), in collaboration with researchers from Texas A&M University, found the reefs during an autonomous underwater ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242467&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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Increased sample size in 2015 Survey of Doctorate Recipients enables first time reporting on fine fields of study

Wed, 07/12/2017 - 17:37

The National Science Foundation's National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics has more than doubled the sample size of its 2015 Survey of Doctorate Recipients in order to examine employment characteristics for specific fields of degree for the first time.

The 2015 survey reports employment data for eight broad degree fields, as well as more than 200 "fine" fields of degree within those broad ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242062&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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NSF/NASA/NCAR press conference: What will scientists learn from the August 21 total solar eclipse?

Wed, 07/12/2017 - 15:35

The total solar eclipse next month is the first to cross the U.S. from coast to coast in nearly a century, giving scientists a unique opportunity to observe the sun's corona with an array of technologies and methodologies.

Findings from these eclipse experiments will advance our knowledge of the sun's complex and mysterious magnetic field as well as its effect on Earth's atmosphere.

The National Science Foundation (NSF)-supported National Center for Atmospheric Research ...
More at https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=242466&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click


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