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Massive primordial galaxies found in ‘halo’ of dark matter

Wed, 12/06/2017 - 14:00

Observations of two galaxies made with the National Science Foundation-funded Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) radio telescope suggest that large galaxies formed faster than scientists had previously thought.

The two galaxies, first discovered by the South Pole Telescope at NSF's Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica, were massive and star-filled at a time when the cosmos was less than a billion years old.

The observation came as a surprise, ...
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Green Bank Observatory: NSF Releases Draft Environmental Impact Statement

Tue, 12/05/2017 - 10:46

Richard F. Green, the National Science Foundation's division director for Astronomical Sciences, issued the following statement:

On Nov. 8, 2017, the National Science Foundation (NSF) published the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) for the Green Bank Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia.

NSF prepared the DEIS in compliance with the National Environmental Policy ...
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NSF-funded research to forecast space weather, protect the power grid, pipelines and satellites

Mon, 12/04/2017 - 01:00

Multidisciplinary approach to developing next-generation space weather modeling tools, with the goal of a five-day forecast capability
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NSF's Big Ideas

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 13:01

In 2016, NSF unveiled a set of "Big Ideas" -- 10 bold, long-term research and process ideas that identify areas for future investment at the frontiers of science and engineering. With its broad portfolio of investments, NSF is uniquely suited to advance this set of cutting-edge research agendas and processes that will require collaborations with industry, private foundations, other agencies, science academies and societies, and universities and the education sector.
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2017-2018 NSF Distinguished Lectures in Mathematical and Physical Sciences

Tue, 11/28/2017 - 11:00

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences (MPS) invites media and members of the public to a series of lectures intended to promote discussion of issues that scientists expect to shape their research in the coming years.

MPS' mission is to harness the collective efforts of the mathematical and physical sciences communities to address compelling questions and push the boundaries of scientific frontiers. All of the 2017-2018 MPS ...
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Antarctic detector offers first look at how Earth stops high-energy neutrinos in their tracks

Mon, 11/27/2017 - 15:40

An interdisciplinary team of researchers using the IceCube Neutrino Observatory in Antarctica has measured how certain high-energy neutrinos are absorbed by the Earth, as opposed to passing through matter as most neutrinos do. The finding could help expand scientists' understanding of the fundamental forces of the universe.

Funded and managed by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the IceCube Neutrino Observatory conducts research into these nearly massless ...
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Futures of the Scientific Imagination

Tue, 11/21/2017 - 14:05

Fantastical thinking, grounded in real, NSF-funded science and engineering research, helps shape tomorrow's technologies. Imagination, science and technology together will inevitably change our lives.
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LIGO and Virgo make first detection of gravitational waves produced by colliding neutron stars

Mon, 11/20/2017 - 17:14

Watch the archive video of the press conference at

For the first time, scientists have directly detected gravitational waves -- ripples in space-time -- in addition to light from the spectacular collision of two neutron stars. This marks the first time that a cosmic event has been observed in both gravitational waves and ...
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NSF-supported scientists present research results on Earth's critical zone at 2017 AGU fall meeting

Mon, 11/20/2017 - 10:07

Find related stories on NSF's Critical Zone Observatories at this link.

The thin veneer of Earth's surface that stretches from the top of the forest canopy to the base of bedrock is known as the "critical zone." It's where fresh water flows, rock turns to soil and life flourishes.

To provide a deeper understanding of the critical zone, the National Science Foundation (NSF) supports nine ...
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NSF-funded scientists to present on long-term ecological research findings at AGU fall meeting

Mon, 11/20/2017 - 07:00

Find related stories on NSF's Long-Term Ecological Research Program at this link.

Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria this fall. Wildfires that raged across California and British Columbia this summer. Unseasonable cold snaps in South Florida in past winters. How do such events shape and re-shape ecosystems?

And how do events from past decades affect the ways in which ...
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Predicting Seasonal Weather

Fri, 11/17/2017 - 16:46

Large-scale weather patterns play a large role in controlling seasonal weather. Knowing the conditions of these atmospheric oscillations in advance would greatly improve long-range weather predictions.
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Arecibo: Statement on NSF Record of Decision

Thu, 11/16/2017 - 16:48

On Nov. 15, 2017, the National Science Foundation (NSF) signed its Record of Decision for the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico. This important step concludes the agency's decision-making process with respect to the general path forward for facility operations in a budget-constrained environment and provides the basis for a future decision regarding a new collaborator.

NSF issued its Record of ...
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NSF makes new awards to advance Science of Learning

Wed, 11/15/2017 - 18:02

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $8.2 million through its Science of Learning program to fund 24 new projects that will advance theoretical insights and fundamental knowledge of learning principles, processes, environments and constraints.

"NSF has shown long-standing leadership in the Science of Learning through past investments in the Science of Learning Centers and Science of Learning Collaborative Networks," said Fay Lomax Cook, assistant director for NSF's ...
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Shape of Lake Ontario generates white-out blizzards, study shows

Tue, 11/14/2017 - 14:00

A 6-foot-wide snow blower mounted on a tractor makes a lot of sense when you live on the Tug Hill Plateau. Tug Hill, in upstate New York, is one of the snowiest places in the Eastern U.S. and experiences some of the most intense snowstorms in the world. This largely rural region, just east of Lake Ontario, gets an average of 20 feet of snow a year.

Hence the tractor-mounted snow blower.

The region's massive snow totals are due to lake-effect snowstorms and, it turns out, to ...
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NSF awards $2.8 million grant to develop advanced ocean and atmosphere simulator

Wed, 11/08/2017 - 07:00

Can Earth's complex ocean-atmosphere system be mimicked in a laboratory? The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $2.8 million to the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) in La Jolla, California, to construct just such a replica.

The new Scripps Ocean Atmosphere Research Simulator (SOARS) will accurately duplicate ocean conditions, capturing the interactions of wind, waves, microbial marine life and chemistry in a laboratory setting.

With SOARS, scientists will ...
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